Torfaen is a county borough in Wales within the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire. It was originally formed in 1974 as a district of the county of Gwent and in 1996 it was reconstituted as a principal area.
Covering an area of 126km² and with a population of around 91,400, Torfaen is the 3rd smallest borough in Wales with three main settlements running from the south to the north.
Occupying the most eastern area of the South Wales valleys, Torfaen is home to a number of visitor attractions, such as the first World Heritage Site in South Wales.
Much of the southern parts of the county borough are now urbanised around the Cwmbran New Town conurbation which has the most population of around 49,000. Cwmbran Shopping Centre is the main retail area of Torfaen and attracts 17 million customers a year from the wider area of Gwent and the M4 corridor.
With the north of the county retaining a rural feel with acres of countryside and being rich in historical and cultural heritage, tourism plays a great part in the economy.
The former industrial town of Pontypool with its traditional indoor and outdoor market is the next largest settlement located in the heart of the borough with around 36,000 population.
The World Heritage Site town of Blaenavon has around 6,000 population and is furthest north in the borough. Blaenavon is famous for the Big Pit coal mining museum and Europe’s best preserved 18th century ironworks.